Archive for the ‘This Week in the Civil War’ Category

July 13, 1861 – Union forces under General George B. McClellan defeat General Robert S. Garnett’s Confederate troops in a battle at Carrickford, Virginia. This victory provides the Union Army with a base of operations to embark on more raids in Virginia.

July 11, 1862 – General Henry Halleck is appointed by President Lincoln to be general-in-chief of the Union Army.

General Henry Halleck

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

July 13, 1863 – New York City is overcome by riots as a result of resentment and anger caused by the enforcement of the first draft. Over 50,000 people set fires, loot businesses, and attack and kill other civilians (mostly African-Americans). These riots continue for 4 days until Union troops from Gettysburg are called in to subdue the violent mobs.

(Credit: Library of Congress)

July 9, 1864 – Confederate forces under General Jubal Early continue their progression toward Washington D.C. Tension rises in the capital as the enemy forces draw closer.


July 5, 1861 – Union troops commanded by Colonel Franz Sigel attack Confederate troops led by Governor Claiborne Jackson in Carthage, Missouri. Although Confederate casualties were greater than Union casualties, the battle is viewed as a Confederate victory.

July 4, 1862 – In Washington, D.C., citizens celebrate the 86th Independence Day with much excitement and fanfare.

July 3, 1863 – The Battle of Gettysburg stretches on for one final day, ending in defeat for the Confederate army. On Independence Day, Lee’s troops retreat from the battlefield.

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

July 4, 1863 – The Union army celebrates victories at both Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Vicksburg, Mississippi. These double losses devastate the Confederacy and mark the turning point of the war.

July 6, 1864 – Confederate General Jubal Early’s troops capture Hagerstown, Maryland and demanded $20,000 from the citizens in repayment for the devastation caused by General David Hunter’s raid on the Shenandoah Valley.

July 8, 1864 – Union General William T. Sherman rapidly gathers supplies and troops in preparation for his raid on Atlanta, Georgia.

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

June 29, 1861 – In Washington D.C., President Lincoln meets with his cabinet and military leaders to determine future strategies for the Union army. They also discuss the importance of retaining public support for the war efforts.

June 25-July 1, 1862 – The Seven Days Campaign (also known as the Peninsula Campaign) takes place in Virginia. The Confederate army commanded by General Robert E. Lee and the Union army commanded by General George McClellan clash in a series of six battles. The Confederates are victorious, but suffered heavy casualties.

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

July 1, 1863 – This is the first day of the biggest and bloodiest battle of the Civil War. General Lee’s troops face off against the Union army, now commanded by General George Meade, in and around a little Pennsylvania town called Gettysburg.

June 30, 1864 – Confederate General Jubal Early begins an attempt to invade the North by leading his army to New Market, Virginia.

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

June 24, 1861: Union gunboats attack Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia

June 19, 1862: In Washington D.C., President Lincoln begins to create the framework for the Emancipation Proclamation. This important and controversial document will make slavery illegal in the Confederate states.


Abraham LincolnĀ 

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)

June 20, 1862: Union forces begin to move toward Confederate strongholds in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The infantry’s attempt is reinforced by gunboats commanded by Admiral David Farragut.

June 18, 1863: Confederate forces under General Lee continue to move north. They are involved in a small skirmish with Union troops in Aldie, Virginia.

June 20, 1863: West Virginia becomes the 35th state of the Union by proclamation of President Lincoln.

June 18, 1864: The Petersburg Campaign continues as Union troops continue costly assaults against fortified Confederate positions. General Grant decides that his army will need to prepare for a siege.