Posts Tagged ‘1861’

On this day in the Civil War, a convention in Wheeling, Virginia adopts a new state constitution for the formation of the state of West Virginia, after that area’s secession from the rest of the state.


On this day in the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln orders General Winfield Scott to suspend the writ of habeas corpus.


Winfield Scott

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)


On this day in the Civil War, Federal troops under the leadership of General Benjamin Butler continue to occupy the city of Baltimore. On the prior day, General Butler moved his troops into Baltimore without official authorization.

Later in the war, General Butler was nicknamed “Spoons Butler” by Southerners due to his supposed improprieties pertaining to Southern property.

Benjamin Butler 2

General Benjamin Butler

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress) 

On this day in 1861, the Civil War officially began with the bombing of Fort Sumter by Confederate artillery. Now the irony . . . The Federal commander of Fort Sumter was Major Robert Anderson and the commander of the Confederate forces was General P.G.T. Beauregard. While attending West Point Military Academy before the war, General Beauregard was a student of Major Anderson. Though from Kentucky and married to a Georgia woman, Major Anderson remained loyal to the Union throughout the war.