Posts Tagged ‘antietam’

On this day in the Civil War, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia leave Maryland after the bloody battle of Antietam the previous day.

This ends General Lee’s invasion of the North.


On this day in the Civil War, the Battle of Antietam or the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South becomes the bloodiest day in American history. In one day of fighting, there is over 23,000 casualties; over 12,000 for the North and over 11,000 for the South. Of the total Confederate force of 45,000, their casualties are 24% of their army. The Union army totals 87,000 men, with a casualty rate of 14%. The total combined dead are over 3,600 soldiers.

The battle is summed up by a Federal Captain, who states, “I have heard of the ‘dead lying in heaps,’ but never saw it till at this battle. Whole ranks fell together.”

General Hooker later wrote of the fighting in the cornfield, “Every stock of corn in the field was cut as closely as could have been done with a knife, and the slain lay in rows, precisely as they had stood in their ranks a few moments before.”

On this day in the Civil War, Federal forces under General William Franklin fight Confederate troops under General LaFayette McLaws at the Battle of Crampton’s Gap.

This conflict is the first of several engagements in the Antietam Campaign.


General William Franklin

(Photo Credit: Library of Congress)